Through the 1920's and 1930's, the Depression in Europe was mostly because of World War I - induced inflation particularly in Germany. Countries such as Great Britain took even longer to bounce back because they were already in a small depression before World War I even began; the dependence on an export market crippled the country after the competition grew. Although countries such as France and Germany seemed to recover by 1925, they still had economy problems, in particular, Germany. The fear of inflation still stirred up in the country and in turned distracted the governments to pay attention to other problems.
|Germany laid air raids on London in Britain.|
Germany had invaded France and the Low countries in 1940. Rather than facing the French defenses, Germany avoided it through some forest and was ready to take Paris. There was hesitation until Italy declared war on France and Britain (Germany had appeared to be winning) on June 10, and thus on June 22 Paris was taken and France surrendered. France was ruled by a new regime, and it no longer was in the war. Britain, though alone, didn't back down. This caused the US to send aid to the Allies.
Once France fell, Germany figured it could easily win by causing Britain to fall, also. It was issued that the "Blitz" would take place in which air raids would attack key British cities like London and thus, cause the people to go against Churchill and his policy of no surrender. This entailed the killing of citizens. There were 58 raids which directly killed 15,000 Londoners and left millions homeless. The attacks were not successful in the purpose, and thus they became less frequent in 1941.
Of the events above, the latter two took place during the war itself. For the first, the amount of depression in Europe would increase the senses of nationalism especially among the common people who were being hit the most. As it would then happen, the idea of saviors would rise especially in dictatorial countries. These saviors would become Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany.